In a Program Manager Technical Advice that must be parsed carefully (PMTA 2019-001), the IRS discusses the interplay between the office in home deduction under IRC §280A and the $10,000 cap on state and local taxes under IRC §164(b) added by the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). If the reader is not careful, he/she may jump to a very taxpayer unfriendly conclusion.
The PMTA comes to the following conclusion that may alarm readers at first:
If a taxpayer’s total individual state and local taxes meet or exceed the $10,000 limitation of §164(b)(6), or if the taxpayer chooses to take the standard deduction instead of itemizing deductions, none of the taxpayer’s state and local taxes relating to taxpayer’s business use of the home are included as expenses under §280A(b). If a taxpayer’s total individual state and local taxes do not meet or exceed the $10,000 limitation of §164(b)(6), and the taxpayer does not opt to take the standard deduction in lieu of itemized deductions, then the taxpayer can include as expenses under §280A(b) the business portion of the state and local taxes up to the difference between the limitation under §164(b)(6) and the amount of individual state and local taxes that the taxpayer actually deducted under §164.Read More